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Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality
פורום דו-קיום בנגב לשוויון אזרחי
منتدى التعايش السلمي في النقب من أجل المساواة المدنية

House Demolitions

The Bedouin community in the Negev/Nagab is subjected to an ongoing State policy of house and structure demolitions. State demolition of Bedouin homes can be traced to the Israeli Planning and Building Law – 1965.

In 1948, on the eve of the establishment of the State of Israel, about 65,000 to 100,000 Bedouin lived in the Negev/Naqab region, currently the southern part of Israel. Following the 1948 war, the State began an ongoing process of eviction of the Bedouin from their dwellings. At the end of the 48 war, only 11,000 Bedouin people remained in the Negev/Naqab, while most of the community fled or was expelled to Jordan and Egypt, the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula. During the early 1950’s and until 1966, the State of Israel concentrated the Bedouin people in a closed zone known by the name ‘al-Siyāj’ (سياج) under military administration.

The Planning and Building Law led to the classification of most of the Siyāj area as agricultural land. As a result, from the moment the law came into effect, every house built in this area was defined as illegal and all of the houses and structures already standing in the area, were retroactively declared as illegal. In 1966, with the end of the military regime, the urbanization process which the State began to plan in the 1950’s, was set in motion. The State established seven Bedouin townships, most of them within the Siyāj area, promising the residents modern services in exchange for relocation to the urbanized areas. At the same time, the Israeli policy toward the Bedouin community focused on the effort to concentrate the entire population in these seven townships. Since 1999, the State of Israel, in various government decisions, has recognized 11 of the unrecognized villages in the Negev/Naqab.

While these decisions ostensibly constituted a significant change from the previous policy under which the only option for the Bedouin population was forced urbanization, in practice, some 20 years later, there is no significant difference between the recognized villages and those which remain unrecognized. In most of the recognized villages there are no detailed urban plans, so that the residents cannot obtain building permits, the demolition policy continues, and basic infrastructures of water, electricity, sewage and roads are either non-existent or lacking.

NCF publishes its annual “House Demolition Policy” report every year. For the 2020 report, based on data collected in 2019 click here


List of reported demolitions 2020

  • 25.11 – Tal al-Malaḥ, unrecognized village north-west of Nevatim. Two buildings were demolished by the authorities.
  • 19.11 – Wādī al-Khālīl, unrecognized village near Shoket Junction. One building was demolished by the authorities
  • 19.11 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 180 time.
  • 15.11 – .al-Grīn, a Bedouin village situated south-west of the town of Ḥūrah. One house was demolished by authorities.
  • 5.11 – Bīr al-Ḥamām, an unrecognized village located north of route 25. One house was demolished by authorities. 
  • 22.10 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 179 time.
  • 17.9 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 178 time.
  • 27.8 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 177 time.
  • 22.7 – al-ʿArāgīb is an unrecognized village west of Route 40, between Lehavim and Goral Junctions. The entire village was demolished for the 176 time.
  • 02.07 – Khirbit al-Watan, an unrecognized village situated south of route 31. Crops and agricultural shelters destroyed by authorities.
  • 24.06 – Bīr al-Ḥamām, an unrecognized village located north of route 25. Two houses were demolished by authorities. 
  • 18.06 – az-Zarnūg, an unrecognized village located near the Bedouin township of Šgīb as-Salām (Segev Shalom). Two houses and one animal pen were demolished by authorities. 
  • 04.05 – Rakhamah, an unrecognized village located near the Jewish town of Dimona. One fence was destroyed by authorities. 
  • 18.03 – Tal al-Malaḥ, an unrecognized village located north-west of the military air base Nevatim. Crops and fields were destroyed by authorities.
  • 18.03 – Tal ʿArād – an unrecognized village located north-west of the Jewish town Arad. 500 dunams of land were destroyed by authorities. 
  • 12.03 – Khirbit al-Watan, an unrecognized village situated south of route 31. One house was demolished by authorities. 
  • March – al-Bḥīrah, an unrecognized village west of Route 80. 500 dunam of crops were destroyed by authorities. 
  • March – Umm Batīn, a recognized village south-east of Route 60. 400 dunam of crops were destroyed by authorities. 
  • March – Wadi Rw’ain, an unrecognized village. 120 dunam of crops were destroyed by authorities. 
  • March – al-Ġarrah, an unrecognized village located 17 km east of Be’er-Sheva, south of Route 31. 90 dunam of crops were destroyed by authorities. 
  • March – Khirbit al-Watan, an unrecognized village south of Route 31. One house was demolished by authorities. 
  • 05.03 – Umm Batīn, a recognized village south-east of Route 60. Crops destroyed by authorities. 
  • 05.03 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 175 time.
  • 03.03 – Wādi an-Naʿam, the largest unrecognized Bedouin village, located south of Be’er Sheva. Several houses were demolished by enforcement authorities. 
  • 12.02 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 174 time.
  • 06.02 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 173 time.
  • 19.01 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 172 time.
  • 16.01 – al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 171 time.
  • 06.01 –  al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 170th time.

 


House demolitions archive

Full list of demolitions of al-ʿArāgīb since 2010

Record of Demolitions – 2019

Record of House Demolitions and Crop Destruction 2018

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2017

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2016

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2015

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2014

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2013

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2012

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2011

House demolitions and crop destruction archive – 2010

Demolitions

25-11-20 - Tal al-Malaḥ, unrecognized village north-west of Nevatim. Two buildings were demolished by the authorities.

19-11-20 - al-ʿArāgīb, a Bedouin village west of Route 40. The entire village was demolished for the 180 time.

All Demolitions