• General Background

      Az-Zaʿarūrah is an unrecognized Bedouin village located east of Ksīfih, on Route 80, its population includes 2,600 residents. Az-Zaʿarūrah is a historical village, that was settled before the establishment of the state of Israel, and is named after a medicinal shrub. There are a couple of ancient wells and dams in the village.

      Services and Infrastructure

      In the village there is no clinic and nor a family health center, and the residents have to travel 15 km, an approximately 20 minutes drive to the town of Ksīfih in order to receive medical care. In addition, in az-Zaʿarūrah there is no kindergarten and no schools, so children must travel every day to Ksīfih or al-Furʿah. There are no paved roads in the village, and there is no bridge above the nearby stream, in rainy days, when the stream is flooded, it is impossible to enter or leave the village.

      Water and electricity are not supplied to the village by the authorities. The residents receive water through 10 connection points to the main water pipe on the main road. They must lay pipes and infrastructures at their own expense, including fixing the leaks on their own. Electricity depends yet again on the residents, who use solar panels though it is very expensive, some use electricity from the nearby town of Ksīfih, and others use generators.

      Threats

      The village of az-Zaʿarūrah is not recognized by the state, therefore, there are demolition orders on some of its houses, and every couple of months house demolitions take place in the village. Houses that were fixed or renovated are considered new houses and demolished by the state. According to the Be’er-Sheva metropolitan plan, the area of the village is defined “combined rural agricultural view” (villages in such an area are eligible for recognition) and the appointed researcher who investigated objections to the plan recommended that the village be recognized.

      *Other forms of writing: Alzaarura, a-Zaarura, al-Za’arura, a-Zaarura