• General Background

      The Bedouin village ʿAtīr is located north-east of the town Ḥūrah with population of 600 residents. The name of the village derives from the name of the area in Arabic – ʿAtīr, the ʿAtīr ruins are 2 km away from the village. The residents are internally displaced people who in the past resided in Wādi Zabbālih (near kibbutz Shuval). In 1948, after the establishment of the state of Israel, all the Bedouin who lived west to route 40 were transferred to the east side of the route and in 1956, the residents of ʿAtīr were transferred again to the present location of the village.

      Services and Infrastructure

      The village has no health and no education services. The children attend school in the town of Ḥūrah, 9 km distance and 15 minute drive from the village. Same goes for health services.

      ʿAtīr has connection to a water pipe in the Yatir forest, 2 km distance from the village. The residents of ʿAtīr installed privately the connection to the main water pipe at their expense at a cost of 200,000 NIS. The cost of water is high – about 15 NIS for 1 cubic meter. The village is not connected to the national electric grid and the residents use solar panels and generators instead. No paved roads exist in the village and the maintenance of the main road from Ḥūrah to the village is done by the residents.

      Threats

      ʿAtīr is an unrecognized village that is subjected to immediate displacement thereat. In 2004, eviction orders were issued for the whole village and in May 2015, Supreme Court ruled that the state can move the residents to Ḥūrah and destroy the village. In July 2010 the  Committee for Fundamental Planning Issues decided to recognize ʿAtīr. However, intervention by a representative of the Prime Minister Office made the committee withdraw its decision. Presently, a forest (part of Yatir forest) is planned for the area of the village and therefore the threat of demolition is real. Demolition orders have been handed to the residents and many house demolitions are carried out each year. The state wants all residents to move to the town of Ḥūrah while the people of ʿAtīr, after being transferred twice from their original location, want to be recognized as an independent agricultural village in the present location.

      *Other forms of writing: Atir