• General Background

      The village of al-Furʿah is a Bedouin unrecognized village. Its population includes 5,000 residents, and it is located 6 km east of the town of Ksīfih. The village was established before the establishment of the state, and its name comes from a nearby mountain that in the Bedouin dialect is called “al-Farʿah”. In the village there are water wells, a couple of ancient stone houses (Baikas) and a cemetery.

      Services and Infrastructure

      Running water is supplied to the village through connection points to the main water pipe, located by the main road, a couple of kilometers from the village. The residents who live by the road lay the infrastructures and pipes on their own, and they pay for all costs of operating and maintaining the pipes. The residents that live far from the road have to bring water in water tanks that increase the costs and require long waiting time while filling the tanks. The houses of al-Furʿah are not connected to the electricity grid, and the residents use solar panels and generators.

      There is no clinic in the village, and in order to receive medical care, its residents have to drive to the city of Arad (3-4 km) or to Ksīfih. There are two schools in the village, that serves the children of the village and the area. The paved road to the schools is the only paved road in the village. The high school pupils must drive to study in Ksīfih.

      Threats

      According to the Be’er-Sheva metropolitan plan, most of the village’s lands are defined as “rural agricultural combined landscape”, yet other parts are marked as “desert landscape” and “mining and quarrying zone”. On 2006 the state recognized the village of al-Furʿah in a state resolution, but since then nothing happened nor changed and it was not granted any municipal status. House demolitions occur regularly in the village, and dozens of houses are subjected to demolition orders.